FalkJ Informs You (FIY) - The New Enlightenment

First Things First:Why "New Enlightenment"?

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The first Enlightenment a.k.a. Age of Reason began around 1650 and lasted about 150 years. It was a philosophical revolution, lifting reason and rational thinking, in society as well as in each individual person, above the powers of traditions and institutions. Education, research, science got propelled forward; striving for knowledge, understanding, insight was an ideal shared by many. Through all that also technology and culture progressed as never before. And, most importantly, the power structures of monarchs and churches got called into question. These didn't passively watch that for 150 years, but kept learning in their own way and continuously worked the so-called Counter-Englightenment. The end of the Enlightenment, however, came only with the French Revolution (1789-1799), which, though born from the Enlightenment, lead by massive excesses of violence to a traumatizing shock. This and the return of power corruption in the leaders of the very revolution caused a deep resignation and lead from the Age of Reason to the escapism of Romanticism. Those in power had learned a lot in the Enlightenment and began to purposefully filter and steer in which fields progress would rapidly continue — and in which fields not, what the masses learn — and what not, which ideals and values would be widely shared — and which ones not. This works never perfectly and everywhere, minorities and individuals always go their own ways, but only the mass effect determines the world. Therefore we have fascinating, rapid developments in technology and culture, whereas in politics and the general intellectual advancement we do not make any real progress. Particularly the power-serving developments in technology and manipulation lead, by way of the relative to them increasing inadequacy of man, to ever greater threats. Of these, the nuclear bombs and the Holocaust are but the widely recognized tip of a gigantic iceberg of suffering caused and future at risk. Intellectual circles have tried again and again to revive and continue the Enlightenment. But a truly New Enlightenment is needed, one that consciously learns from the failing of the first, that consciously factors in adversary currents, that consciously compensates for the past two centuries of power manipulations — and that consciously prevents excesses such as those of the French Revolution. The New Enlightenment simply has to strive for such social and philosophical progresses that exhilerate and liberate all people, including those who today still live off harm, such as exploitation or conflict. The name "Enlightenment" still fits today; to speak of a Second Enlightenment, however, would be incorrect. Firstly because, even though only from 1650-1800 people officially actually spoke of "Enlightenment", earlier progress movements occassionally get counted as periods of Enlightenment, too, such as a Greek and a Roman one, so there is big confusion as to the numbering. Secondly because the first Enlightenment shall not and can not be repeated. Indeed, the fundamental ideals and goals remain (education, knowledge, insight, justice), yet the New Enlightenment has to, as mentioned, consider several additional issues, and it should not only strive for reason and knowledge, but also explicitly for wisdom. This series here can only be a spark for that. You too decide now if it will be fully realized.
02. Why "New Enlightenment"?
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